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Areas of Learning

There are seven areas of learning and development set out in the Statutory Framework for EYFS. We value all seven areas of learning and development and understand that they are connected to one another and are all equally important. All areas of learning are underpinned by the four guiding principles of the EYFS.


Three prime areas are crucial for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, and for building their capacity to learn, form relationships and thrive.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development- helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves and others to form positive relationships and develop respect for others. Developing social skills and learning how to manage their feelings and to understand appropriate behaviour in groups and have confidence in their own abilities.

Communication and Language- giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment, to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves and to speak and listen in a range of situations.

Physical Development- providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive and to develop their co-ordination, control and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity and to make healthy choices in relation to food.


We also support children in four specific areas in which the three prime areas are strengthened and applied.

Literacy- encouraging children to link sounds and letters and begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials to ignite their interest.

Mathematics- providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems and to describe shapes, space and measures.

Understanding the World- guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people and places, technology and the environment.

Expressive arts and design- enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role play and design and technology.

Be on time, school starts at five to nine! Make sure you follow us on Twitter or look at the gallery and Whole School Learning sections of the website under the children's tab to find out about school life at St. John's.