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Mathematics is a vital part of the EYFS and Primary Curriculum here at St. John’s. From an early age our children delight in using mathematics to solve a problem, especially when it leads them to an unexpected discovery or making new connections. As their confidence grows, they look for patterns, use logical reasoning, suggest solutions and try out different approaches to problems which strengthens their creative thinking and offers children a powerful way of communicating. They learn to explore and explain their ideas using symbols, diagrams and spoken and written language. Mathematics is a fundamental part of human thought and logic, and integral to attempts at understanding the world and ourselves. In addition, mathematical knowledge plays a crucial role in understanding the contents of other school subjects such as science, computing, music and art.


We want our children to acquire maths knowledge progressively. Knowledge helps children to sharpen their thinking skills and makes learning easier. Knowledge is not only cumulative, it grows exponentially. Those with a rich base of factual knowledge find it easier to learn more. Here at St. John’s we want our children to develop three types of mathematical knowledge in maths.

  • Declarative knowledge- ‘I know that…’- having knowledge of facts, formulae, concepts, principles and rules.
  • Procedural knowledge- ‘I know how…’- recall as a sequence of steps including methods, algorithms and procedures.
  • Conditional knowledge- ‘I know when…’- the ability to reason and solve problems and use combinations of declarative and procedural knowledge which can be transformed into strategies when children learn to match the problem types they can be used for.


The document below explains the three I's- Intent, Implementation and Impact for Mathematics here at St. John's. 

Intent- Our aims of education and overarching curriculum design here at St. John’s- Why we do what we do!

Implementation- Our curriculum and what we offer our children- What we do and how we do it!

Impact- Has our intent impacted on our learners? Does what we do make a difference to our children?

Maths Knowledge Web

Maths Progression Grid

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